From the beginning, our negotiators felt that the U.S. government should not maintain military bases in densely populated centres, let alone Manila. Perhaps it was a breeding ground for friction and misunderstanding. This position was in stark contradiction to the plans and program of the U.S. military in the Philippines. The United States, of course, wanted to fulfill its mission and fulfill its commitments with as little effort as possible for new spending. As the army had not thought there would be objections to the establishment of bases in the Manila area, it had gone far in preparing its plans and in concrete construction projects, Manila being the centre of the network of defence facilities. A joint army and navy headquarters has been planned for Manila, in addition to existing facilities. For our part, we are against the installation of bases in the metropolitan area. This agreement contains a definitive list of all territories used by the United States for military purposes. All other areas of the pre-war U.S.
military and naval reserves are now returning to the Philippine government. It is important that both sides have “a common understanding for the United States not to establish a permanent military presence or base on Philippine territory.” The preamble concludes: “All U.S. states will have access to and use facilities and territories at the invitation of the Philippines and in full compliance with the Philippine Constitution and laws.  Port facilities in the Manila region, intended for use by the army and navy, are limited to the area developed in 1941 for such uses and are considered, for jurisdictional reasons, as a temporary facility and not as a base. It is anticipated that the U.S. armed forces will be able to continue to use these port facilities until other agreements can be reached, and this is agreed upon between the two governments. In April 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama and Philippine President Benigno Aquino III signed a 10-year EDCA-Enhanced Defence Co-operation Agreement  that allowed the United States to increase its military presence in the Philippines.     “CONSIDERING, that such action by the United States Congress, presented by the Then-Washington-based Commonwealth Government of the Philippines, marks a new era in relations between the Philippines and the Philippines, while combining more and more closely than ever the friendly and reciprocal interests between the two countries, not just the permanence of Philippine independence and the security of the United States.
, but also the tranquility and tranquility in the Pacific.