On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The United Kingdom has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally indicating to the European Council its intention to leave the EU. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. Shortly after the agreement, EU heads of state and government agreed. For an agreement with the United Kingdom, this would probably involve the conclusions of a European Council summit. Parliament`s coordination group in the United Kingdom, led by Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman David McAllister (EPP, DE), will work with the EU Task Force on Relations with the UK and will work with the Foreign Affairs Committee and the Committee on International Trade and all other relevant committees. The Pe will closely monitor the work of EU negotiator Michel Barnier and will continue to influence the negotiations through resolutions. The final agreement must be approved by the whole of Parliament. With regard to the historical importance of the vote, most speakers stressed, on behalf of the political groups, that the withdrawal of the United Kingdom would not be the end of the road to eu-UK relations and that the ties between the peoples of Europe are and will remain strong.
They also stressed the possibility of learning from Brexit to shape the future of the EU and thanked the UK and its MPs for their contribution throughout the UK`s accession.