Eritrea`s Ministry of Information said the governments of the three East African countries had reached the following agreement: a senior Eu union official stressed the importance of a tripartite agreement between Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. The agreement also guarantees comprehensive cooperation to establish close political, economic, social and security relations between these three countries. Last July, Djibouti requested a petition to the UN Security Council and called on the body to “facilitate an agreement among themselves on a mutually acceptable way to resolve disputes peacefully.” The agreement was fundamental to the opening of borders between the three nations, thus promoting cross-border trade. The three heads of state and government held open and in-depth discussions on the situation in their respective countries, their tripartite cooperation and developments in the Horn of Africa region. ASMARA, Eritrea – Tripartite cooperation and development in the Horn of Africa dominated joint talks between Eritrea, Somalia and Ethiopian leaders, as revealed in a joint statement. At their first tripartite meeting in Asmara, Ethiopian Prime Minister Ahmed Abiy, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed agreed to consolidate their mutual solidarity. The main cornerstones of the agreement, as stated by the Eritrean Minister of Information, were the most important: the tripartite agreement signed between the three countries in September 2018 aimed to promote peace and security in the region. Cooperation also aims to alienate regional partners facing the potential loss of strategic influence in the region. In fact, the initial reactions from Kenya and Djibouti were frosty. Djibouti is a direct neighbour of the three states and a potential candidate to join the new bloc.
The UN arms embargo imposed since 2009 on Eritrea was mainly related to its alleged support for the Somali insurgent group Al-Shabaab, but also to Djibouti`s aggression and the refusal to mediate in the disputed areas. In addition, the three heads of state or government reviewed “the results of their significant joint efforts in their implementation.” . The creation of a new regional bloc is also an opportunity for its leaders to demonstrate activity and success at the regional level. Consideration of the cooperation proposal in the Horn of Africa could divert attention from domestic political challenges in the three countries, such as the current Ethiopian political crisis. In the run-up to national elections in Ethiopia and Somalia, Ahmed and Farmajo must secure the support of re-election. #Eritrea, #Ethiopia; Colorful images: President Isaias Afwerki and Prime Minister, Dr. Abiy Ahmed, on a pleasant walk down Asmara`s main street, Liberation Avenue, after a fruitful meeting last night at the State House on bilateral and other issues of mutual importance pic.twitter.com/EakEY5V4Qk Abiy made peace with Eritrea last year to end 20 years of conflict, a feat that earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019.